Informations about Sibiu
It is one of the most important cultural and religious centres in
Romania as well a major transportation hub in central Romania.
The city used to be the centre of the
Transylvanian Saxons in Romania until
World War II.
Sibiu was designated European
Capital of Culture for the year 2007, together with Luxembourg.
Copper engraving of Sibiu (Hermanstatt), c. 1630.
in Sibiu's history
- 1191 - Mentioned for the first time in a document of the Vatican,
under the name "Cibinium" (due to the river Cibin that flows through
- 1292 - The first hospital in the Kingdom of Hungary, present-day Romania
- 1380 - The first documented school in the Kingdom of Hungary, present-day Romania.
- 1494 - The first pharmacy in the Kingdom of Hungary, present-day Romania.
- 1534 - The first paper
mill in the Kingdom of Hungary, present-day Romania.
- 1544 - The first book in the Romanian language was printed in Sibiu.
- 1551 - Conrad Haas' experiment with rockets.
- 1570 - Transylvania became an independent
- 1671 - Methane gas was discovered
- 1782 - Franz-Joseph Müller
von Reichenstein discovered the chemical element tellurium.
- 1788 - First theatre in Transylvania,
- 1795 - The first lightning
rod in Transylvania and in Southeastern Europe
was installed in Nagydisznód (present-day Cisnădie).
- 1797 - Samuel Hahnemann opened the world's first
- 1817 - The Brukenthal Museum, the first
museum in Transylvania, present-day Romania,
- 1867 - Principality
of Transylvania becomes part of Hungary, from Dual Monarchy Austria-Hungary
- 1896 - The first use of electricity in Austria-Hungary,
present-day Romania, and the first power line in Southeastern
- 1904 - The second city in Europe to use an electric-powered trolley.
- 1918 - Union of Transylvania and
Romania. Hermannstadt/Nagyszeben became part of Romania
- 1928 - The first zoo in Romania.
- 1941 - Saxons lost their historical majority in the population
- 1989 - The third city to take part in the Romanian Revolution.
- 2007 - European Capital of Culture 2007